The Nature of Science

7 11 2011

This excellent link on the nature of science is courtesy of Bok Chong.

If anyone else has content to share, do feel free to send the links to me – amidst the competitiveness of education and society in general, my soul always appreciates doses of generosity, be it for my benefit, or for the benefit of others.

The link above includes:

1. THE SCIENTIFIC WORLDVIEW

1.1 The World Is Understandable
1.2 Scientific Ideas Are Subject To Change
1.3 Scientific Knowledge Is Durable
1.4 Science Cannot Provide Complete Answers to All Questions

2. SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY

2.1 Science Demands Evidence
2.2 Science Is a Blend of Logic and Imagination
2.3 Science Explains and Predicts
2.4 Scientists Try to Identify and Avoid Bias
2.5 Science Is Not Authoritarian

3. THE SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE

3.1 Science Is a Complex Social Activity
3.2 Science Is Organized Into Content Disciplines and Is Conducted in Various Institutions
3.3 There Are Generally Accepted Ethical Principles in the Conduct of Science
3.4 Scientists Participate in Public Affairs Both as Specialists and as Citizens

Many of the above points overlap with what was covered in the Nature of Science lecture:

1. WHAT IS SCIENCE

1.1 Intellectual and systemic study
1.2 Practical activity
1.3 Observation and experimentation

2. FUNCTIONS OF SCIENCE

2.1 Explaining the world
2.2 Finding solutions to problems

3. METHODS OF SCIENCE

3.1 Induction
3.2 Deduction
3.3 The scientific method

4. PROBLEMS OF SCIENCE

4.1 Scientific knowledge is provisional
4.2 Socially constructed nature of science and the subjectivity of human senses
4.3 Science is not value free

If any of the above sounds unfamiliar, and if you’re hoping to do a science and/or technology question, please familiarise yourself with the content above, and check that you know how to make use of it by trying to incorporate it into an essay plan or a paragraph.


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